Provide links to web-based resources that could facilitate the location of factual information.



  • Information Please Almanac
    This is the online version of the Time Almanac. It is a comprehensive reference source that “allows searching along with the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas, and several almanacs containing statistics, facts, and historical records.”
  • Guinness Worlds Records
    The Guinness Worlds Records site contains “selection of records found in the Guinness World Records database.”
  • GeoHive: Global Statistics
    GeoHive Global statistics contains a “collection of tables and graphs featuring statistical look at countries geopolitical data, statistics on human, population of regions, countries, provinces and cities; economics; infrastructure, etc.”
  • The Old Farmer’s Almanac
    This site contains “astronomical events, weather conditions and forecasts, recipes, and gardening tips.”


Citation Maker

  • Knightcite
    An up-to-date online citation generator service provided free of charge by the Hekman Library of Calvin College, able to quickly generate citations for the three main academic citation styles: Modern Language Association (MLA), American Psychological Association (APA), or Chicago Manual of Style. You can save, and alphabetize, edit and export citations into an rtf or word document and generate a bibliography with the appropriate format.
  • Citation Machine
    An interactive tool useful for creating reference citations for Modern Language Association (7th ), American Psychological Association (6th), Turabian and Chicago citation styles.
  • Turabian and MLA 7th ed. Free Citation Generator & Bibliography Maker
    A free web based program for citing resources according to Kate L. Turabian “A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations” 7th edition and MLA Manual 7th edition.
  • BibMe
    This is a “fully automatic bibliography maker that auto-fills. It’s the easiest way to build a works cited page. Search for a book, article, website, or film, or enter the information yourself; add it to your bibliography. Download your bibliography in either the MLA, APA, Chicago, or Turabian formats and include it in your paper”.
  • EasyBib
    EasyBib offers a simple, easy and free way for students to create bibliographies and get citations, automatically.


Citation Manual and Style Guides

American Psychological Association (APA)
  • APA Electronic References
    Includes information on “how to cite email communications, web sites, specific documents on a web site, articles and abstracts from electronic databases, and web citations in text”.
Modern Language Association Handbook (MLA)
Chicago and Turabian Manual of Citation
Council of Biology Editors (CBE Style) and Council of Science Editors (CSE Style)
  • CBE Style to Cite and Document Sources (Online! Citation Styles)
    Serves to guide the researcher in citing and documenting online materials as set forth in the sixth edition of Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, published by the Council of Biology Editors (now the Council of Science Editors) in 1994.
  • CSE Citation Guide (Ohio Sate University)
    Presents sample citation format based on Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers 7th edition, 2006.
  • Research and Documentation Online
    Provides “guidelines for documenting and citing print and online sources in the humanities, social sciences, history and the sciences and includes samples of bibliographies and list of works cited using MLA, APA, Chicago, and CBE style.”
  • Citing Information: CSE/CBE Style (University of North Carolina)
    Discusses guidelines and provides specific examples on ” how to provide in-text citations in CSE style, using both the name-year and citation-sequence systems ; how to cite print and online sources in a works-cited page in the name-year system ; and how to cite print and online sources in a works-cited page in the citation-sequence system.”


Dictionaries and Thesaurus

  • Roget’s Thesaurus II : The New Thesaurus
    A searchable online version of the book by the same title, this site provides access to 35, 000 synonyms and 250, 000 cross references. Features word definitions, hyperlinked category and alphabetical index.
  • Merriam-Webster online
    Facilitates access to the print version of Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary Eleventh Edition. Includes thesaurus, audio pronunciations feature, real time words, word games, and other materials in the English language.
  • Cambridge Dictionaries Online
    Intended for non native speakers, this site provides searchable versions of Cambridge’s Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, Dictionary of American English, International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs, International Dictionary of Idioms, Lerner’s Dictionary, Diccionario Cambridge Klett Compact ( English-Spanish ), and Dictionnaire Cambridge Klett Compact ( English- French ).
  • The Free Dictionary
    Serves as “English, Medical, Legal, Financial, and Computer Dictionaries, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, a Literature Reference Library, and a Search Engine all in one”.
  • Law Dictionary
    This site offers “a free online law dictionary search engine for definitions of law terminology and legal terms.”
  • Law.Com Dictionary
    This online dictionary provides a simple and a cost effective way of searching definition of legal terms.
  • Free US Law Dictionary
    This “dictionary references the most commonly requested legal terms and definitions which have been contributed by thousands of internet users.”
  • Duhaime’s Law Dictionary
    Duhaime’s Law Dictionary ” offers a one-stop shopping to those who occasionally need to know what a certain legal word means. The definition shows samples of the word used in a law or how it may have been described or used in a law book or a case.” Links to cited cases are also provided.



  • DMOZ Open Directory Project
    Dmoz is the Internet’s largest directory system (over 3 million web sites) and is maintained by human editors. A web site listing in Dmoz can also be an important part of having a web site rank well in Google, because Google uses Dmoz results in it’s own directory.
  • Directory of Open Access Journals
    Free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals, covering all subjects and many languages.
  • Directory of Open Access Repositories
    The OpenDOAR service provides a quality-assured listing of open access repositories around the world. OpenDOAR staff harvest and assign metadata to allow categorisation and analysis to assist the wider use and exploitation of repositories. Each of the repositories has been visited by OpenDOAR staff to ensure a high degree of quality and consistency in the information provided: OpenDOAR is maintained by SHERPA Services, based at the Centre for Research Communications at the University of Nottingham.


Metric Conversion

These sites offer tools for conversion of weight, temperature, length, area, speed, power, pressure, speed and time, fraction to decimals, BMI or the body mass, recipes, etc. to a metric measures.


Statistics and Demographics

  • Asia Pacific Disaster Report 2010 – Protecting Development Gains – (pdf file)
    This report considers ways of reducing vulnerability to disasters, building resilience and protecting hard-won development gains.
  • Development and Globalization: Facts and Figures (UNCTAD) – (pdf file)
    Published by UNCTAD, this compact statistical reference source covers subjects such as trade, investment, external finance, commodities and manufactures, together with relevant facts about population.
  • Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific – (pdf file)
    The “oldest and most comprehensive annual review of economic and social development in Asia and the Pacific”. It outlines “policies to sustain dynamic growth and to make it inclusive such as boosting internal demand, enhancing connectivity to create a seamless and region-wide market, and building productive capacities in the least developed countries”.
  • Global Financial Stability Report – (pdf file)
    Provides a twice a year assessments of global financial markets and addresses emerging market financing in a global context.
  • Human Development Reports (UNDP)
    This is a very useful source material relative to statistics on poverty, literacy, life expectancy, gender-related development
  • International Trade and Tariff Data (WTO)
    This reference material contains a “comprehensive, comparable and up-to-date statistics on trade in merchandise and commercial services for an assessment of world trade flows by country, region and main product groups or services by category.”
  • Key Indicators
    Key Indicators is the “flagship annual statistical publication of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). It presents the most current economic, financial and social data on ADB’s regional members.
  • Least Developed Countries Report (UNCTAD) – (pdf)
    This is an indispensable statistical reference tool which offers “a comprehensive and authoritative source of socio-economic analysis and data on the world´s most impoverished countries.”
  • OECD Statistics (OECD)
    OECD Stat provides a “single online platform where users can discover and access statistical databases from OECD.”
  • Regional Economic Outlook Reports: Asia and the Pacific – (pdf file)
    The reports discuss recent economic developments and prospects for countries in various regions and discuss recent economic developments and prospects for countries in various regions.
  • The Statistical Database System (SDBS)
    It is the Asian Development Bank’s “central statistical database that stores macro-economic and social data of its developing member countries (DMCs). The SDBS data come from statistical contacts that are mostly national statistics offices and central banks of the DMCs. SDBS also store data from other international organizations’ databases and websites.
  • Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific – (pdf file)
    A reliable “authoritative reference material on the social economic and environmental development of the Asian and Pacific region from 1990”.
  • UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics
    This is a useful resource material which contains statistical data pertinent to the analysis of international trade, investment and development, for individual countries and for economic and trade groupings.
  • World Economic Outlook
    Provides the IMF staff’s “analysis and projections of economic developments at the global level, in major country groups (classified by region, stage of development, etc.), and in many individual countries. It also focuses on major economic policy issues as well as on the analysis of economic developments and prospects”.
  • World Investment Report (UNCTAD)
    This is a valuable Report which focuses on “trends in foreign direct investment (FDI) worldwide, at the regional and country levels.”
  • World Population Trends (UNDP)
    This is an “excellent annual reference source to world population and trends.”
  • World Tariff Profiles (UNCTAD)
    Jointly published by the World Trade Organization (WTO), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), this statistical publication gives a “comprehensive picture of tariff and “ad valorem” equivalents in an abridged format.”
  • Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (Philippines)
    A valuable reference tool which contains statistical data relevant to crops, livestock and poultry, fisheries, agricultural exports and imports, trade performance of selected major agricultural commodities, food sufficiency, security, supply and consumption, prices and market supply situation and outlook of agricultural commodities, etc.
  • Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics (BLES)
    This website provides the most recent statistical data on labor and employment particularly survey results on labor turnover and labor force, CPI/inflation rate, OFW remittance, gender statistics on labor and employment among others.
  • Department of Health (DOH)
    This website contains “health data such as health indicators, demographic profile, hospital statistics, surveys, surveillance and links to other health related data.”
  • National Statistics Office (NSO)
    Published monthly by the National Statistics Office (NSO), this website contains statistics “on labor and employment, manufacturing indices, family income and expenditures, population statistics and private building construction, previous month’s estimates of CPI and inflation rate, including the most recent foreign and domestic trade figures.”

  • National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
    This website is basically designed to provide users the latest information and updates relative to statistical matters in the country.
  • Philippine Stock Exchange, Inc. (PSE)


Time Zone Conversion

These sites are instructive in converting time difference between two cities with the time difference calculator. This time zone conversion take into account daylight saving time (DST), local time zone and accepts present, past or future dates.